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In Practice

Every case study follows a three-step process. Case studies (or projects) all start with a careful analysis of the context, follow through with a phase of prediction of alternative proposals and conclude with a redirection.


Every Project starts with a critical analysis of its Context. It is important to state that Context is rarely understood as purely positive.

There is no objective to fit into the Context: if the Context is satisfactory, there is no reason to intervene.

Anticipation of Failures

The practice of Architecture must be separated of its self-serving impulse. The modification of existing Space must be justified by an increase of its Use-Value.

The first question thus becomes: what would have happened without our intervention?

Whether the Site is left untouched or another Architect designs a Project, is the Outcome satisfactory?

If we deem it β€œsatisfactory”, there is no reason for intervention.

If and only if we deem it β€œunsatisfactory” is there a justification for us to address it through design.

To predict the Outcome requires understanding which pressures are applied to the Site and to try to map the direction of the Deterministic_path of the Project.


A project is always an act of redirection. If during the prediction phase, the outcome is satisfactory, there is no need for a project. If, on the contrary, the outcome is unsatisfactory, the architect can employ one or several of strategies to redirect the outcome.
One way of redirecting is a reordering of the Priority_Stack